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Ferapontov Monastery is in top ten of the world's most popular UNESCO Heritage Sites in Russia.
The analytical agency TourStat identified the most popular Russian UNESCO Heritage Sites among tourists. The Ferapontov Monastery is in top ten of the world's most popular UNESCO Heritage Sites in Russia.
The ensemble of the Ferapontov Monastery founded by Ferapont in 1398 consists of 6 brick buildings of XV-XVII centuries surrounded by a brick wall of XIX-XX centuries.
The ensemble of the Ferapontov Monastery is located in Ferapontovo of the Kirillov district, the Vologda Oblast. It is unique in its beauty, authenticity and the harmony of architectural details of different centuries.
The Ferapontov monastery was built over several centuries. Beginning with the wooden buildings of Ferapont's time, the first brick building at the monastery - the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin - was constructed by Rostov masters in about 1490. Now the ensemble consists of six brick buildings dating from the 15th to 17th centuries, including holy gates, churches, a treasury and refectory chambers, a bell tower, and a brick wall that surrounds it dating from the 19th and 20th centuries.
The main point of interest is the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin, since Dionisy, an outstanding representative of the Moscow icon painting school and the leading Russian artist of the turn of the 16th century, worked here. According to a signature left by Dionisy himself on the Northern Door, he and his sons (Feodosi and Vladimir) painted the interior walls of the church from Aug. 6 to Sept. 8, 1502. The motif of the interior frescoes of the church, which cover 600 square meters, is quite traditional for Russian Orthodox churches of the 14th-16th centuries. Painted in soft colors, there are frescoes depicting the Christ Pantokrator, the Enthroned Virgin, Evangelists, the Last Judgment and other figures and scenes from the Old and New Testaments as well as key events from later Christian history, such as the Seven Universal Cathedrals accepted by the Orthodox Church.
The mural which is of exceptional artistic value, is the only authentic and completely preserved work by the famous master and is the only existing ensemble of frescoes from medieval Russia.
In fact, Dionisy's frescoes brought international recognition to the Ferapontov monastery, which was included by UNESCO on its World Heritage List in 2000.
The wall painting of the church covers the area of 600 sq m. This painting of Dionisy is the only one which authenticity was confirmed by documents. The individuality of the wall paintings of Dionisy lies in the unique tone richness of soft colours, the rhythmic harmony of numerous topics strengthened by the architectural divisions of the church.
The top 10 popular tourist sites inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in Russia include the Moscow Kremlin, Red Square in Moscow, St. Petersburg’s historical centre, Kazan Kremlin, stone architectural objects of Vladimir and Suzdal, the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, Yaroslavl’s historical centre, historical monuments of Veliky Novgorod, the pogost of Kizhi in Karelia and the Solovetsky Islands.