Secondary Education

Russians have always shown a great concern for education. The right to education is stated in the constitution of the Russian Federation. It is ensured by compulsory secondary schools, vocational schools and higher education establishments.

The number of day-care centres and nursery schools of the Vologda Oblast comes to 357. About 60,800 children aging from 1 to 7 attend pre-school institutions that make up 80,7 % of the kids of pre-school age.

Secondary schools of the oblast total 345 with about 137,000 pupils being educated there. New forms of secondary educational institutions have emerged, such as gymnasiums and lyceums. Education is compulsory up to the 9th form inclusive. The stages of compulsory schooling are: primary education for ages 6-7 to 9-10 inclusive; and senior school for ages 10-15 inclusive. If a pupil of a secondary school wishes to go on in higher education, he or she must stay at school for two more years.

Primary and secondary school together comprise 11 years of study. Every school has a "core curriculum" of academic subjects. After finishing the 9th form one can go on to a vocational school which offer programmes of academic subjects and a programme of training in a technical field, or a profession. After finishing the 11th form of a secondary school, a lyceum or a gymnasium one can go into higher education.