"Exile in Vologda"
In 2006 the Vologda State Museum-Preserve opened an affiliate "Exile in Vologda". The exposition is devoted to the renowned Russian statesmen, scientists, researchers and cultural figures that went against the policies of the leading party and were exiled to Vologda because of their opposition.
The exhibition is housed in a two-storied timbered building that dates back to the early 20th century. The site was chosen for a number of reasons. The Soviet leader Iosif Stalin lived in exile here since December 1911 to February 1912.
In 1937 - 1956 this fairly modest house accommodated the Stalin museum, and then it was turned into a museum of revolutionary movement as much of the Bolshevik leadership was in exile here.
Among the people banished to Vologda were outstanding politicians, philosophers, literary men, and scientists who had a considerable impact on political, social and cultural life of the region. They are A.Lunacharsky, B.Savinkov, A.Bogdanov, N.Berdyaev, V.Molotov, M.Ulyanova, I.Stalin and others. Their involvement in illegal activities led to years of internal exile - a mild sentence compared to that faced by many other revolutionaries.
All in all about 10,000 people lived in exile in Vologda since the second half of the 19th century to the early 20th century. For many of them this period was a time of great intellectual activity.
Materials telling about investigation activities in pre-revolutionary Russia are on display here including official documentation, seals, photographs, personal files, and secret-service documents. In the museum one can find information about Vologda's governors, police and gendarmerie.
The visitors to the museum can trace the work of law-enforcement bodies ranging from counterspy activity to investigation to trial to custody.
The rooms in the museum feature original furnishings, items owned by the people in exile, 19th- and 20th-century objects. These things depict social and domestic practices of the day.
Address: 33, Maria Ulyanova Street, Vologda
Work hours: 10 am – 6 pm
Daily, except Sundays and Mondays