About the Region


The Vologda Oblast was established on September 23, 1937. It is situated in northwestern Russia 500 km (311 MI) off Moscow and borders on the Republic of Karelia, on the Arkhangelsk, Kirov, Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Tver, Novgorod, and Leningrad oblasts. The oblast occupies the territory of 144.5 thousand square kilometres, which is equal to the territories of Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Switzerland taken together. The Vologda territory is crossed by important ways connecting central Russia with the Urals and Siberia. The rivers flowing through the oblast’s territory carry their waters to the Baltic, White and Caspian seas.

The centre of the oblast is Vologda founded in 1147. The city of Vologda is one of the most important junctions of railways, automobile roads and airways in the North of Russia. It is a river port that stands on the river under the same name.

The city of Cherepovets is the first city in the oblast by its population and industrial value. It is one of the largest centres of steel and chemical production in the country.

The executive power of the Vologda Oblast is presented by the Government of the Vologda Oblast, headed by the Governor. The local law-making body is the Legislative Assembly, headed by the Chairman.

The Government elaborates the draft budget, social and economic development programmes and it is responsible for their administering and executing.

The Legislative Assembly is a permanent body representing various constituencies. It consists of thirty-four deputies elected for a period of five years. The Legislative Assembly is headed by the Chairman elected by the deputies in a secret ballot.

Legislation or law-making is the main business of the Legislative assembly. Local laws concerning budgets, customs regulations, credit monitoring, and the ratification of treaties are considered to be its main authorities. Most of the work is done in committee meetings. Here bills are studied, experts are consulted, and recommendations are made.

The Vologda Oblast is one of the highly-developed regions of Russia. In the branch structure of industry, metallurgical engineering, chemical and timber industries take a dominating position.

The leading agricultural branch is stock-breeding, which takes 70% of the Oblast’s agriculture and provides the population of the Vologda Oblast with milk, meet and eggs. Butter making is popular in the region. Vologda butter, as well as Vologda lace, is nowadays known world-wide. The region is more than self-sufficient in nearly all major products. It produces close to 100% of its needs for cereals, meat, dairy products, eggs and vegetables.

The region is connected with other regions by rail-, water- and motorways and airlines. The Vologda Oblast transportation network paves the way for business to reach vital markets and suppliers and provides employees with a variety of efficient commuting and freightage options.

As of January 1, 2021, 1151042 people live in the Vologda Oblast.

Seasons change each other and the Vologodians experience the so-called moderate-continental climate: a cold snowy winter followed by a short summer. During a year precipitation quantity makes 480-500 mm in the east of the region and 560-600 mm in the west. The winter days are short, lasting only six hours or so. The coldest month in Vologda is January, with an average temperature ranging between -11 and -14C. The summer, although short, is one of Vologda’s most prized assets. The average temperature in July is between +16 and +18C.

The Vologda oblast is famous for the number and significance of its historical and cultural monuments: the Vologda Kremlin, Spaso-Prilutsky, Kirillo-Belozersky, St. Ferapont, St. Michael and Archangel monasteries. Ancient towns of Vologda, Veliky Ustyug, Tot’ma, Ustyuzhna, Belozersk and Kirillov are well known all over the country.

Dionisy’s frescoes in the Nativity of the Virgin Cathedral of St. Ferapont monastery are real treasure among the monumental fine art works.

The largest oblast’s museums are Vologda and Veliky Ustyug state museum-preserves, the Oblast Picture Gallery, Cherepovets museum association, Kirillo-Belozersky museum, Totma, Vytegra and Ustyuzhna museums of local lore.

The poet K. Batyushkov, artist A. Vereshchagin, “King of reporters” V. Gilyarovski, modern writers and poets: A.Yashin, V.Tendryakov, S. Orlov, V. Shalamov, V. Astafiev, V. Belov, N. Rubtsov, and O. Fokina have brought the fame to the Vologda land.

Vast territory, tremendous nature resources, skilled and cheap labour, big scientific and technical potential and advantageous geographical location are indisputable favourable conditions for profitable investments in the Vologda Oblast.